The development of different capabilities shall conduct in any of the research supported by the research groups involved in the doctoral program:
- Research in Networks, Systems , Services and Telecommunications Technologies,
- Research in Instrumentation and Electronic Systems,
- Research in Integration of Photovoltaic Systems in Smart Grids,
which are described below.
The development of the information society requires the existence of network infrastructure and telecommunications systems based on Information Technologies and Communications emerging. This research seeks to address this need through research and research training that respond to future challenges in this context. The activity within this research facilitates the achievement of these objectives through the realization of complementary and interrelated activity among researchers.
Part of the research activity develops in the development of electronic and communications systems and radio engineering, including RF and microwave circuits, the foundation in the development of telecommunication systems. Also important research activities in radiation systems, which include measurement , characterization , design and implementation of advanced antennas (smart and adaptive) that support modern and future communication systems, such as digital broadcasting (using standard DAB + , DVB -T2) , UAVs (using WiMax and LTE) and indoor location services (mainly based on Zigbee and GNS).
It is also substantial research activities related to the design and implementation of high-power amplifiers often, networks and telecommunications systems and satellite communications technologies, communications and railway signaling systems, techniques of digital signal processing (including SDR and systems MIMO) applied to telecommunications systems and circuits and wireless sensor networks.
Another important part of the research activities are key catalyst of new network architectures and ubiquitous services and insurance, which starring advances in different scientific and technological areas and in various application fields among which include: structural axes Future Cities (mainly Smart-Environment, Smart mobility, Smart-Living, Smart-Economy and SmartPeople), Future Internet, Internet of Things, Internet of Services, networks wireless sensors and actuators, ad - hoc networks, or networks of smart objects. Some issues addressed are flexibility, resilience, reliability (and security of information), fault tolerance, energy efficiency, real-time response, open interfaces to access and service creation, management quality communications support heterogeneous platforms, self - configuration and self-repair, and network scalability.
These lines will be complemented by research and development of technologies and services of the requirements of the Information Society and Knowledge, in areas as critical as e-health, e-accessibility, e-government and e-government. In the areas concerned will demand the integration of accessible technologies , mobile and secure that support systems and services with user interfaces adapted to disabled and vulnerable people in situations of dependency. The development of multimodal interfaces, along with innovation in knowledge-based systems allows effective use in contexts as diverse as the Digital Home, Telecare and adapted school either using mobile communications, interactive TV and web technologies. Research in the technological aspects of telematic networks, traffic management and software systems related thereto is also a source of activity in this line, contributing to the next generation of networks, telecommunications systems and services .
This research focuses on the training of researchers in the field of instrumentation and electronic systems that allow the development of ICT and the Information Society.
The research activity is focused on the design, development and innovation of electronic systems in the areas of instrumentation for complex scientific and technological experiments, coding and decoding of images, television and digital video, data, audio and video over digital broadcasting networks (IP based networks) and consumption optimization in multimedia handsets. Within these areas will look new systems solutions based on intelligent data acquisition (implemented with reconfigurable logic), the signal and image processing and pattern recognition (using FPGAs and GPUs), the implementation of embedded systems with requirements real time (using SOC architectures FPGAs and PCIe) and the use of specific techniques of synchronization for distributed systems (based on IEEE1588 and White Rabbit).
An important part of the activity within this line focuses on large scientific experiments such as ITER, JET , TJ - II and - technology sectors estratégicoscomo aeronautics where they apply these technologies in the field of health monitoring of structures (SHM). The incorporation of machine learning systems for data acquisition processes is an essential element whose value can be crucial not only in their own data capture (eg , detection of statistically abnormal conditions ) but in the pre-processing same (event identification and classification systems). A key issue in machine learning is the incorporation of confidence measures (eg probabilities) in each prediction. The combination of the above techniques and advanced instrumentation, along with embedded systems will model and define a new generation of instruments.
This research focuses on the study of the integration of photovoltaic systems in the distribution smart grid electricity as energy harvesting systems for sustainable development of the Information Society.
Smart cities based on ICT, Smart Cities, in the short term will be a key part of the Information Society and, in turn, are grounded in smart grid electricity distribution, Smart Grids. These Smart Grids are based on a new energy model that is based on three pillars: distributed generation based on renewable energies and operated by ICTs. Here is the way to incorporate this research in the doctoral program: ICT integration trinomial - Smart Grids - Distributed Photovoltaic Systems for the development of the Information Society.
The objective of this research focuses precisely on this integration.
Integrating PV systems in the Smart Grids of the Information Society passes accurately predict the production of photovoltaic systems to manage intermittent character through intelligent prediction and management of production, to incorporate storage systems and management ICT energy by controlling the interaction of PV with Smart Grids, and finally, to incorporate ICT for automatic analysis of failures "performance" of PV systems in operation and maintenance phase, thereby reducing cost and complexity by its distributed nature.
Therefore, the central themes of this research are:
- Advanced Methods of design, simulation and prediction of photovoltaic energy: that allow optimization of design and "manageability" of production by the intelligent network operator.
- Methods and distributed massive integration of photovoltaic systems in smart grids: based on prediction and mitigation of photovoltaic power fluctuations that allow penetration of 30% in smart grids.
- Intelligent energy management of photovoltaic systems: based on the integration of storage systems and the development of energy management strategies, which respond to the requirements of intelligent networks, such as the choice of the injection period the electrical, control power ramps , intelligent management of production-consumption binomial, etc..
- Operation and maintenance of distributed photovoltaic generation contexts. Integration of ICT systems for automatic analysis, fault detection and diagnosis, and thus enable operation and maintenance schemes adapted to the distributed nature of this technology.
- Advanced methods for quality control of photovoltaic systems and their components: tender procedure-oriented and "commissioning" photovoltaic power plants and buildings. It includes the development of technical specifications of photovoltaic systems for reliability, stability and security of their integration into smart grids.
- Study of the most important applications: as the self and consumption in buildings intelligent photovoltaic or PV plants " dispatchable " by the system operator.
- Reliability of cells, modules and photovoltaic systems. Study of mechanisms of aging. Accelerated testing techniques reliability of solar cells. Reliability assessment and analysis of "maintainability" of distributed photovoltaic systems.